Mysterious, failed matches

The World chess history of the World championship games is full of the strange agreements. It is known that the history of every failed game is full of the behind-the-scenes struggle and costs an entire article itself. It concerns matches Lasker - Rubinstein, Alekhine - Flor, the rematch Alekhine – Capablanca.

Mysterious, failed matches

The World chess history of the World championship games is full of the strange agreements. It is known that the history of every failed game is full of the behind-the-scenes struggle and costs an entire article itself. It concerns matches Lasker - Rubinstein, Alekhine - Flor, the rematch Alekhine – Capablanca. It is a very interesting history suggested by Fidel Castro the game between Fisher and Stein in 1966. Just imagine, Cuba is in American blockade – State Department forbade Fisher to play Capablanca Memorial in 1963, and the American was playing a tournament on the phone. All conditions were discussed at the Fidel’s Castro banquet to play up to 6 wins and start in a few months after the Olympics. But the Soviets began to make a row, it was either championship of the USSR, or something else, in short they did not want to let the three-times champion of the USSR, Leonid Stein (the strongest player of the USSR in the mid.60s) to be measured with a dangerous American. Unfortunate such match did not take place.

The world championship matches were interestingly described by Lasker. Recently I have boosted a file of old Yugoslav magazine “Shahovski Glasnik” published in 1925 and found fantastic information. It turns out that after the victory in New York in 1924 Lasker used to think about a rematch with Capa. On the way to this he still had to get a few victories. At some reception which was leading in Chemnitz, after the simultaneous exhibition Lasker announced that he was going to play a short match in Yugoslavia, then plays tournament in Moscow and in case of success in both events, it would be difficult for Capablanca to refuse the rematch with him.

Great news! And whom did he want to play the match with? It turns out that it was created the organization committee on organizing the match between Vidmar and Lasker in 1925 in Yugoslavia. Chess games should have been played in Belgrade, Zagreb and in Lublin. Besides these cities for whip-round it was also organized the organizational committee in Maribor, which always wanted to see games. The entire match budget has had to be equal to 11000 dinars, half of which were given by Ljubljana’s mayor. Jovanovich, one of the high functionaries of the Industrial Bank became a chairman. Added to this is the fact that one of the ministers in Belgrade which was chess enthusiast had to pump out Yugoslavian governmental grant for the match. Just turning over the next magazines make an incredible conclusion that there is no information about the match. Not a word!

There is a similar in this context story of the failed match between Lasker and Maroczy who by the way has never received the light of native Hungary’s countenance in his fighting for individual championships. At one time he even had to immigrate to the USA where he had been working as a coach at Stanford University.

It turns out that on 6 of April, 1906 in a plush club of Professor Rice (reorganized Cosmopolitan Chess club) both competitors Lasker and Maroczy signed a contract for a match consisting of 8 games (draws in score do not count). Starting on October 15, 1906. The both sides will ensure the prize fund in a sum of 2 thousands US dollars each, and which completely will belong to a winner. There is the control of 15 moves per hour and no more than 3 match-games during the week. The match should be played in 3 parts that is one in Europe and two of them in the USA. The first run will finish when one of the players wins three match-games. The both players are owners of the games, it was planned that the players would comment the games at the end of each of them and sell it by the subscription at a price of 1 $ per game. The pawn in the amount of 500$ should had been paid till the 1st of June.

It had been set the match Committee and its decisions were final. The committee included the Professor Isaac Rice, Judge Pons from Havana and Aristides Martinez from Manhattan Club, Baron Rothschild and von Grebici the both were from Vienna. But when Marozzi went to the Europe to organize the match in Vienna, all communication with him by telegrams were lost. At that time the American parts Havana and New York began to quarrel, each of them wanted to organize the third part of the game. In addition the revolution in Havana began. On the 23 of September Marozzi by itself made the statement in “Vohenshah” and explained that Viennese organizers had been ready to put up money for their part but treated it as a separate chess-match. Lasker was strongly disagreed with it. If Cuba was pacified, Maroczy would be ready to play in a year. But if Lasker disagreed with it, he would be ready to pay 500$ fee by way of the pawn (which he had not pay in time!). Lasker made a reply with a caption about the match in early 2007! That is the whole story. What was it and who is wrong?

It is most likely that Maroczy failed to carry out in Vienna his part of a deal well, but in that case we could say the same about Nimzowitsch and Rubinstein. Whereas Nimzowitsch told that the duty of the chess community is to organize my match against Alekhine. It seems psychology.

There was an important remark of Walter Shipley in Philadelphia Iguirer.  The problem of all matches to this day is that the players have to collect the rates by themselves and winner takes all. It is evidently better for the future all chess enthusiasts will participate in the creation of the prize pool which should be divided between players within a certain proportions.

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